Brute’s Bleat by Harold Brutlag- August 29, 2018

A morning run for Sunfish on Tuesday paid off big time for George Palmer and myself when I got a hot tip Sunday morning that Indian Lake could be the place to go. We found the panfish in about 17-18 feet of water where there were weeds on the bottom. It took some sorting, but for the most part they were keepers. Our largest was 9 1/4 inches with many of the 32 we kept in the 8 inch range. We were on the lake about 9:30 a.m. and off by 12:30 p.m. We brought light jackets along, but by 10:30 we were rummaging through our rain gear for something to help break the wind which was cold and coming out of the northeast. There were a couple other anglers on the lake, one obviously casting for bass and another east of the access and anchored. From past experiences I’d say they were after crappies. They didn’t move during the 2- 3 hours we were on the lake which is a good indication they were catching fish. . . I noticed a road kill rooster pheasant last Wednesday while driving Hwy. 10 to St. Cloud and a little later a young deer was dead on the side of the road. There was also a road kill young buck deer with horns just out from Lake Sullivan on Hwy. 55. This area got a strong inch of rain out of the thunderstorm which passed through Thursday night and early morning. The lightning put on quite a light show and there was a power outage southeast of town. * * * Maple Lake’s Lakers did themselves proud Saturday at Shakopee when they won their second game of the state tournament by defeating a hard hitting Midway Snurdbirds team 8-2. Left-handed Laker ace, Hunter Malachek, had 8 strikeouts and great support in the field. A first inning double play for the second and third out put out the Snurdbirds’ fire when they threatened with men on base. The game was scoreless for three innings with Malachek striking out the side in the third inning. The Lakers picked up two runs in the fourth and six in the fifth inning off Jake Lund before he was relieved by their New York Mills draftee, Alex Meyer. Malachek had a triple and two RBI’s; and Luke Fobbe and Derek Rachel both had doubles and an RBI apiece. The final four innings were scoreless with several key defensive plays, one by left fielder Riley Decker who caught a fly ball against the fence; and two towering fly balls caught by second sacker McRae Haney. The Lakers had 8 hits and two errors and Midway 9 hits and four errors. Colton Petron, Loretto Larks draftee, pitched the final inning. Maple Lake’s next game will be at 5:00 p.m., Sept. 1 when they play New Market, a 4-3 winner over Fort Ripley. Riley Decker’s fan club has been sporting mustaches in support of the Laker slugger, first baseman, outfielder and pitcher. Hutchinson defeated Lastrup 12-2 in a seven inning game and will play Sleepy Eye Saturday in the nightcap. Region 8 Champion Sobieski defeated Jackson 2-0 and they will play New London Spicer Saturday at Shakopee. Another local favorite and last year’s state champion Kimball defeated Bell Plaine 5-2 and they have a game with one of the tournament host teams, New Prague, on Saturday at 1:30 p.m. The 2018 Champion will be named on Labor Day in a 3 p.m. game at New Prague. * * * Riding back from the Laker game Saturday Brian Hedman questioned me on what causes fog? We were travelling in the fog which sometimes was quite heavy. My answer was moisture in the air. That didn’t satisfy the curiosity of the Ken and Daryl Hennen, Mitch or Brian Hedman and I was delegated to come up with a better, scientific answer. Of course that bothered me the rest of the weekend and this is what I came up with when I searched the Internet: What is the difference between Fog, mist and haze? Fog, mist and cloud are all formed when air cools to its dew point (the term is self-explanatory). Water in the air may condense onto a cold surface such as the ground, a house roof or on to small particles in the air (known in the trade as condensation nuclei). At ground level the “cloud” is called fog or mist depending upon the visibility. At sea or for aircraft landing and taking off purposes, fog is defined as when the visibility is 1000 meters or less. Mist is a visibility between 1000 and 2000 meters. Normally, over land, forecasters use the word “fog” when the visibility is 200 meters or less. This is because a car driver may be fairly happy if he can see over 200 meters while the same is not true for an aircraft pilot landing at Heathrow or the skipper of a boat in mid Channel, particularly a small yacht. Air can be cooled in several ways. First, the air can be lifted by flowing over a hill, by convection or by the convergence of two air streams. Secondly, it can be cooled by contact with a cold surface. It can also be cooled by raindrops in the air evaporating in the same way as when you hold a wet finger in a wind. Similarly, melting of falling snow will lead to cooling. Those with long memories from school will recognize these effects as being due to “latent” heat. The term haze confuses some sailors. Haze is a reduction in visibility due to dust or smoke in the air. The differentiation from mist is because further cooling of the air when it is misty can lead to fog. With haze, that is not the case. The two main types of fog Most common over land is Radiation Fog which occurs on clear nights with light winds. Radiation from the ground escapes out to space, the ground cools and, in turn, cools the air in contact with it. On an absolutely still night, condensation will occur on the ground to form dew. With slight air movement, sufficient condensation forms on condensation nuclei to form very small droplets of water – mist or fog. If the wind increases or a layer of cloud comes over, then the fog is likely to clear. Because Summer nights are fairly short, there may not be enough time for the cooling to create fog especially when the ground starts by being warm. From early Autumn through to late Spring, fog is always possible in such conditions. Generally, radiation fog is not a sailing hazard except when it drifts out over coastal waters or down river valleys. Even then, the relative warmth of the water is likely to clear the fog. The sailor is usually more concerned with Advection Fog caused by relatively warm, moist air flowing over a colder surface. Over land this is fairly rare except after a cold spell when the ground has become frozen or there is lying snow. A SW airstream will bring in warm air from the Atlantic. The cold ground cools this air and the result will be very poor visibilities even though the wind can be quite strong. Over the sea, the same effect is quite common in some areas. This is when moist air flows across the sea towards colder waters; the cooling gives Advection Fog that we call Sea Fog. First, it is important to note that sea fog can occur at any time of day and with quite strong winds. With winds, over about F 4-5, the result may be low cloud and poor visibility rather than fog. In the English Channel, sea fog can occur at any time of the year but seems to be more common in the late Spring and early to mid-Summer when the water inshore is still fairly cold. This is the best I can do on such short notice!

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